Ukraine is a large country in Eastern Europe known for its Orthodox churches, Black Sea coastline and forested mountains. Its capital, Kiev, features the gold-domed St. Sophia’s Cathedral, with 11th-century mosaics and frescoes. Overlooking the Dnieper River is the Kiev Pechersk Lavra monastery complex, a Christian pilgrimage site housing Scythian tomb relics and catacombs containing mummified Orthodox monks.
Ukraine was known as “Kievan Rus” (from which Russia is a derivative) up until the 16th century. In the 9th century, Kiev was the major political and cultural center in eastern Europe. Kievan Rus reached the height of its power in the 10th century and adopted Byzantine Christianity. The Mongol conquest in 1240 ended Kievan power. From the 13th to the 16th century, Kiev was under the influence of Poland and western Europe. The negotiation of the Union of Brest-Litovsk in 1596 divided the Ukrainians into Orthodox and Ukrainian Catholic faithful. In 1654, Ukraine asked the czar of Moscovy for protection against Poland, and the Treaty of Pereyasav signed that year recognized the suzerainty of Moscow. The agreement was interpreted by Moscow as an invitation to take over Kiev, and the Ukrainian state was eventually absorbed into the Russian Empire.
After the Russian Revolution, Ukraine declared its independence from Russia on Jan. 28, 1918, and several years of warfare ensued with several groups. The Red Army finally was victorious over Kiev, and in 1920 Ukraine became a Soviet republic. In 1922, Ukraine became one of the founders of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. In the 1930s, the Soviet government’s enforcement of collectivization met with peasant resistance, which in turn prompted the confiscation of grain from Ukrainian farmers by Soviet authorities; the resulting famine took an estimated 5 million lives. Ukraine was one of the most devastated Soviet republics after World War II. (For details on World War II, see Headline History, World War II.) On April 26, 1986, the nation’s nuclear power plant at Chernobyl was the site of the world’s worst nuclear accident. On Oct. 29, 1991, the Ukrainian parliament voted to shut down the reactor within two years’ time and asked for international assistance in dismantling it.
Population of Ukraine
During 2019 Ukraine population is projected to decrease by -153,439 people and reach 42,000,217 in the beginning of 2020. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 189,691, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 36,252 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Ukraine (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).
Language of Ukraine
Languages of Ukraine. The official language of Ukraine is Ukrainian, an East Slavic language which is the native language of 67.5% of Ukraine’s population. Russian is the native language of 29.6% of Ukraine’s population (mostly urban areas) and the rest (2.9%) are native speakers of other languages.
Currency of Ukraine
The Ukrainian Hryvnia is the currency of Ukraine. Our currency rankings show that the most popular Ukraine Hryvnia exchange rate is the UAH to EUR rate. The currency code for Hryvni is UAH, and the currency symbol is ₴. Below, you’ll find Ukrainian Hryvnia rates and a currency converter
Best Time to Visit Ukraine
Sunny Days and Pleasant Weather from June to September. If you are planning a trip to Ukraine, consider the summer months which start from June and continue till September. …
Beginning of the off season from October. …
Winter months from November to January. …
Ukraine from February till March. …
Ukraine tourism from April till May.
Visa Information –
Please note the below documents required to process for Ukraine visa.
Passport: Original Passport with validity of minimum six months and minimum two blank pages for visa stamp. Attach all your old passports (if any)
Photo Specification: Two recent passport size photographs with matt or semi matt finish, 60%-80% face coverage, white background and without border (Size: 35mm x 45mm)
Please note: Photograph should not be more than 3 months old, scanned/stapled and should not be used in any of the previous visas.
Covering Letter : Covering-letter from the applicant on the company’s letter head stating applicant’s name, designation, passport number, purpose and duration of visit. The letter should be addressed to: The Visa Officer, Embassy of Ukraine, and New Delhi.
Ticket: Copy of Return Air Ticket
a) Foreign Exchange endorsement/copies Credit Card.
b) 06 months Personal/Company bank statements with sufficient balance (minimum Rs.1, 50,000 – Rs.200000) is required in original with stamp & signatory in every page..
c) ITR for last three years
d) Salary slips for last six months
Medical: Medical Insurance for the Duration of Stay is required.
a) Prior Appointment is mandatory for submission of application.
b) Personal Presence of the applicant might be required, which is on the discretion of the embassy.
c) Authority Letter on Company Letter Head required.