Armenia is situated at a cultural, historical, and religious intersection and located at the crossroads between Europe and Asia, in the southern Transcaucasus. The country spans 29,743 square kilometers (11,490 square miles, about the size of Belgium or Maryland) of mountainous terrain centered on the Ararat Valley, the heart of the Armenian nation since biblical times. Ancient geographers called the Armenian Highlands the “Island of Mountains” or the “Rooftop of Asia Minor.” In fact, the average altitude of the country is over a mile high, at about 1800 meters above sea level. Presently, the country is landlocked and has no navigable waterways, in contrast to Historic Armenia, which at its height under King Tigran the Great, stretched from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean Sea and was more than ten times the current size of the present day Republic. Armenia has borders with Georgia to the north, with Turkey to the west and south, with Azerbaijan to the east and southwest, and with Iran to the south.
Armenia’s landscapes offer boundless beauty. Seven main landscape types are represented across the different altitudinal zones of Armenia. Across these desert, semi desert, dry steppe, steppe, woodland, sub alpine and alpine zones is geography as diverse as high mountain peaks, fertile valleys, picturesque land formations, basalt columns, rock sculptures, and waterfalls. More than 200 rivers and streams traverse Armenia, with steep falls, rapids and swift currents. Armenia has 5 scenic canyons. In addition, there are over 200 therapeutic mineral springs, differing in composition and temperature.
The Armenians, an ancient people living on an ancient land, call Armenia “Hayastan,” and themselves “Hay.” Oral history explains the lineage of the Armenian people as being the direct descendants of Noah’s son Habeth. The indigenous people of the land of Ararat, Armenians forged their national identity with the rise of powerful Armenian kingdoms, the adoption of Christianity as Armenia’s state religion, and the creation of the Armenian alphabet, which spurred the development of literature, philosophy, and science.
Population of Armenia
During 2019 Armenia population is projected to increase by 11,093 people and reach 3,066,998 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 13,110. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 2,017 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Armenia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).
Language of Armenia
The official language of Armenia is Armenian while Assyrian, Greek, Russian, and Yazidi Kurdish are the major minority languages spoken in the country.
Currency of Armenia
The official currency of Armenia is the dram.
The dram is the recognized monetary unit in circulation in Armenia The term “dram,” when translated into English, means “money.” It stands cognate with dirham in Arabic as well as drachma in Greek, and one dram is made up of has 100 luma. The pre-history of a dram currency dates back to 1199 to 1375, a period during which silver coins referred to as dram circulated. The nation’s noted artists and scientists and historical and cultural monuments are drawn on Armenian banknotes.
Best Time to Visit Armenia
If you’re planning to visit Armenia, the best time to head to this country would be the beginning and ending months of summer – late May and early June or else late September and early October. This is the time when the heat is comparatively less and the weather is comfortable and idle for exploration.